Hair loss is an increasingly common problem in our society that affects men, but women also. Hair loss in large amounts can cause tension and lack decline in self-esteem in those who suffer it. It is important, however, to know the causes and reasons for the hair loss, before applying any treatment.
Therefore, in this post we will discuss about the stages of hair growth, which are the most common causes of hair loss, and recommended treatments.
Hair Growth Stages
Anagen phase (Growth)
This phase lasts between 2 and 6 years, and is key to the formation of healthy hair. At this stage the hair is very sensitive. 90% of a person’s hair is in this phase.
Catagen phase (Transition)
This stage lasts few weeks and it’s the moment when hair coming away from the root. Approximately, only 1% of a person’s hair is in the catagen phase.
Telogen phase (resting phase of the cycle)
This phase lasts between 3 and 4 months. Is the time in which the hair falls by itself or as a result of the push of the new hair (anagen phase begins again).
The importance of this cycle is to be maintained. If any of its phases is altered, much more hair than usual is at the third stage, changing the ratio, and therefore, falls more hair than it grows. From what we could carry diseases such as Alopecia.
But, What is ALOPECIA?
Alopecia is defined as the partial or total hair loss.
What are the most common CAUSES of hair loss sufferers?
- Stress: any state of shock, depression or, simply, a traumatic event can cause alopecia due to increased production of the male hormone, the effects of which are counterproductive to the health of the scalp.
- Nutritional deficiencies: lack of iron, or zinc, directly affects the production of keratin or nutrition of the hair bulb (where the hair is formed).
- Hormone Deficiency: Hair follicles are very sensitive to hormonal changes and consume large amounts of estrogen. If there is a hormonal imbalance, hair is less protected against the action of male hormones, which stimulate seborrhea which destroys the hair. For that reason, there are periods in which loose hair is more important, as in adolescence, menopause (during which reduces the production of estrogen and progesterone), ovarian cysts and thyroid problems.
- Pregnancy, childbirth and lactation: during pregnancy the excess hormone levels can cause hair loss; however, after childbirth, hormone levels stabilize. The subsequent fatigue during lactation causes hair loss 8 or 10 weeks. In 3-6 months, the disorder tends to be regularized by itself, and hair loss usually becomes stabilized.
- Medications: medications such as oral anticoagulants, antidepressants, contraceptives, retinoids (vitamin A excess), chemotherapy, can cause hair loss.
- Other reasons such as prolonged extensions, tints, hair drying and ironing, etc.
What TYPES of Alopecia exist?
- Traumatic alopecia: occurs as a result of factors such as hairstyle or hair extensions that damage the hair follicle; the self-induced hair loss (trichotillomania).
- Hormonal alopecia: the drop in estrogen levels (female hormone), the emergence of androgen (male hormone).
- Alopecia due to medication: Examples: cytostatic, retinoids, thyroid, valproic acid,…
- Nutritional Alopecia: lack of protein, folic acid, biotin (vitamin H), zinc, iron, selenium, among others, may cause hair loss.
- Alopecia areata: autoimmune disease that affects the hair follicles.
- Alopecia due to seborrheic: pathology of the skin (seborrhea). It is characterized by the appearance of red scaly patches on the scalp.
- Congenital Triangular Alopecia (unknown cause)
Best treatment is the one that brings the necessary ingredients to nourish properly hair follicle and activates it, so that it will be able to produce healthy hair evenly during the anagen growth phase and is able to keep as much hair at this stage.
To stop hair loss, there are different treatments that can help fight it:
- Aesthetic treatments (treatment of choice):
Topical hair lotions with essential actives that treat causes of alopecia.
Vehiculization actives intradermally, leveraging the superficial epidermis as sustained release storage during sessions that treatment lasts.
- Collagen Induction Therapy
- Radio frequency:Capacitive Transfer
- Surgery: Hair Transplant
Toskani Cosmetics offers customers treatments for hair loss: